“ICONS of EVOLUTION” – the Mythology of Scien-TISM
Author Jonathan Wells (Ph.D.s in both religion and in molecular and cell biology) wrote the book “Icons of Evolution”.
Welles describes “icons” (images) which all DISTORT or MISREPRESENT the EVIDENCE for evolution:
Icons of Evolution:MILLER-UREY EXPERIMENT
Represented in most textbooks, the Miller-Urey experiment claimed to re-create some of the chemical building blocks of life (amino acids) by sending an electric spark through a mixture of gases they thought simulated earth’s primitive atmosphere.
Was the result recreatedan accurate representation of the earth’s atmosphere?
Wells contends the experiment was done without oxygen. (it would have exploded with it) Evidence supports the presence of oxygen in the earth’s early atmosphere. Geochemists still debate the oxygen issue, yet most agree that the primitive atmosphere was NOTHING LIKE the one Miller used.
Scientists note that the same experiment done in a “realistic” simulation of the primitive atmosphere DOES NOT WORK.
Icons of Evolution: INDUSTRIAL “MELANISM”
In 1986, Douglas Futuyma published a book, the Biology of Evolution. It was one of the sources explaining the theory of evolution by natural selection in the most explicit way.
The most famous of his examples on this subject is about the color of the moth population which appeared to darken during the Industrial Revolution in England. It is based on a series of experiments conducted by the British physicist and biologist Bernard Kettlewell in the 1950s.
Wells states how Bernard Kettlewell’s experiment and it’s “proof“ is actually a SCIENTIFIC SCANDAL.
Since 1980 it has become clear that peppered moths do not normally rest on tree trunks. Moths were forced to act atypically. The test results could not be accepted as “scientific“. The moths on tree trunks photographed by Kettlewell were actually dead moths. Kettlewell used dead specimens glued or pinned to tree trunks and then photographed them. These facts were uncovered by the scientific community only in the late 1990s.
Icons of Evolution: DARWIN’S “TREE OF LIFE”
The concept of a “simple root” developing into “complex branches” was conceptual. Does it accurately fit the evidence?
The Cambrian Explosion starts with the abrupt appearance of many fully formed phyla and classes of animals.
In other words, the highest levels of biological hierarchy appeared right at the start. The Cambrian Explosion shows there is no simple tree. Punctuated equilibrium hypothesizes rapid changes in the “evolutionary” cycle.
Whether it was “slow” (gradualism) or “fast” (punctuated equilibrium) natural selection,
WHAT MECHANISMS CAUSED these RAPID CHANGES?
Icons of Evolution: HAEKEL’s EMBRYOS
According to Darwin, the similarity of embryos in their earliest stages provided evidence for common descent. Haeckel’s embryos were used to support Darwin’s theory.
Wells simply states that Haeckel FAKED (to be kind – “misrepresented”) the accuracy of his drawings.
Haeckel OMITTED the earliest stages entirely, and started at a point midway through development. According to historian jane oppenheimer, Haeckel’s “hand as an artist ALTERED what he saw. He was more than once, often justifiably, ACCUSED of scientific FALSIFICATION.”
According to Darwin, the similarity of embryos in their earliest stages provided evidence for common descent.
The actual pattern – early differences followed with similarities, then differences againis quite unexpected. Embryological EVIDENCE PARADOXICALLY “SUPPORTS” in theory) AND “CONTRADICTS” (in practice) Darwinism.
Icons of Evolution: ARCHAEOPTERYX
This fossil is claimed to be the fossil “link” between reptiles and birds(discovered in 1861) Darwin wrote, “all living species have been connected with the parent-species of each genus. as a consequence, … the number of intermediate and transitional linksbetween all living and extinct species, must have been inconceivably great[in number].”
There SHOULD be a WIDE VARIETY of TRANSITIONAL “MISSING GINKS” connecting today’s species with “common” ancestors
The FOSSIL RECORD
Darwinist claims SHOULD show a gradual and detailed “tree” of “speciation” that is filled with many variations.
What exactly does the fossil record “describe”?
Darwin’s most formidable OPPONENTS were NOT CLERGYMEN, but FOSSIL EXPERTS.
The geological record showed a pattern of catastrophic events involving mass extinctions followed by periods of “creation” in which new forms of life appeared without anytraceof evolutionary development.
The ABSENCE of transitional mediaries was troubling even to Darwin’s loyal supporter T.H. Huxley, who warned that a theory consistent with the evidence would have to allow for some big jumps – “punctuated equilibirium”.
But what if the necessary links are missing not only from the present but from the fossil record of the past? Darwin acknowledged that his theory implied that “the number of transitional links, between all living and extinct species, must have been … GREAT”
What geologists did discover were species which APPEARED SUDDENLY rather than at the chain of evolutionary links. Darwin conceded that the state of the fossil evidence was “the most OBVIOUS and gravest objection which can be urged against my theory. All the most eminent paleontologists and geologists have unanimously, often vehemently, maintained the IMMUTABILITY of species”.
Steven Stanley – “The fossil record DOES NOT CONVINCINGLY DOCUMENT a SINGLE TRANSITION from ONE SPECIES to ANOTHER”. The fossil evidence has features inconsistent with Darwinistic gradualism: 1)stasis 2)sudden appearance.
The CAMBRIAN EXPLOSION starts with the ABRUPT APPEARANCE of many FULLY FORMED phyla and classes of animals. Stephen G. Gould– “The extreme RARITY of transitional forms in the fossil record … [i]s the trade secret of paleontology”. Evolutionist Henry Gee states, “Many of the ASSUMPTIONS we make about evolution, especially … the fossil record, are BASELESS. The reason for this lies in the scaleof geological time that scientists deal with “each fossil is an infinitesimal dot, lost in the a fathomless sea of time, whose relationship with other fossils and organisms living in the present day is obscure. ANY STORY WE TELL… which links these fossils in sequences of cause and effect … is OURS to MAKE”.
CONCLUSIONS: The MYTHOLOGY of “SCIENTISM”
“We INVENT these stories, AFTER the fact, to justify the history of life according to our own PREJUDICES.” J.B. Meyer:
“Darwinism is not so much a hypothesis proposed to explain facts as an INVENTION of FACTS for the SUPPORT of a HYPOTHESIS”.
IS DARWINISM a FORM of “SCIENTISM”, a MIX of EMPIRICAL, OBSERVABLE “SCIENCE MIXED with PHILOSOPHICAL ASSUMPTIONS and PROJECTIONS.
IS “EVOLUTION” MODERN, PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC MYTHOLOGY?
OPINIONS and PHILOSOPHY DECEPTIVELY CLAIMED to be EMPIRICAL OBSERVATION
DARWINISM is a GREAT THEORY, BUT TO WHAT EXTENT IS IT SUPPORTED by “SCIENTIFIC” EVIDENCE?
DARWINISM EXPOSES the “LIMITS” of “SCIENCE” (observable and test-able, explaining how)
The “FACT” is that the CAUSES of the ORIGIN and VARIETY of LIFE is STILL UN-EXPLAINED and an UN-SOLVED MYSTERY